There is a Mediterranean, mild climate in the country: hot and dry summer and humid and warm winter. The average temperature in July is +32°С. In January, the average temperature achieves +10°С. In winters, humidity increases up to 75%, in summer — 55%. The swimming season in the state is opened in the middle of May and closed in the end of October.
The last two months of spring are considered the most beautiful, as everything becomes green and blossoms in this period. Also, it is the most beautiful time for travelling to historical areas. In June, the weather contributes to opening of the swimming season. It shall be noted that the prices for vacation in this time are not high.
The hottest months are August and July. It is easier to survive the heat on the islands sue to nearness to the sea and the breeze blowing from it. The autumn season lasts from September till October. Suring these months the heat is receding, but the swimming season is in full play.
As a rule, from April till November the weather is cloudless. The rains are rare and very short. It does not rain in summer.
The country is divided into several climatic regions. The climatic features of continental Greece are similar to the Balkans climate with hot, humid summers and rather cold winters. The East and center of Peloponnesus, Crete, Attica, Dodecanese and Cyclades are located in the typical Mediterranean climatic zone with cold winters and dry, hot summers. It is warm on Crete for a long time. On the southern cost the swimming season is opened earlier and closed later than in other parts of Greece (it lasts from April till November).
In the last months of summer the temperature is 40°C (in the shade). Also, August and July are characterized by the meltemi period — strong winds blowing from the North and influencing the entire eastern cost of Greece (including Athens) as well as parts of the islands in the Aegean Sea. Generally, these winds bring a desired coolness after hot days.
Speaking about the south-west of Epirus, western Peloponnesus, the western-central part of Greece, Ionian Islands, there is no meltemi here. Winters in these regions are not so cold, but have more precipitation than other regions. The climate of Pelion peninsula and Khalkidhiki and islands of the northern-eastern area of the Aegean Sea is the golden mean between the Balkan climatic zone of northern Greece and the Mediterranean climate.
In Tirana capital and other plain cities, sometimes temperature may drop down below zero, but usually it happens at night and very seldom. Ice and snow seldom hold for more than one day. In winter it usually rains and sometimes very often. In the most regions precipitation falls in the late autumn and in the beginning of spring. In summer it happens rarely, except for the mountainous regions. In the mountains it snows from November till March, and in some regions winter is more severe. In the mountainous cities, such as Kukes, Korcha and Peshkopia it is very cold in this time of the year.
Montenegrin climate is difficult to refer to a certain type, as the geographic location of the state and relief of the terrain determined various climatic zones in one or another region. There are three climatic zones in Montenegro.